When Was the Geneva Agreement: A Comprehensive Overview
The Geneva Agreement, also known as the Geneva Accords, is a significant historical document that marked the end of the First Indochina War between France and Vietnam. This agreement was signed on July 21, 1954, in Geneva, Switzerland.
The Geneva Agreement was the result of negotiations that took place between several countries, including France, Vietnam, the United States, the Soviet Union, and China. These negotiations aimed to resolve the conflict in Indochina, which had been going on for eight years.
The main goal of the Geneva Agreement was to divide Vietnam into two parts along the 17th parallel. The northern part of Vietnam would be under the control of the Communist government led by Ho Chi Minh, while the southern part would be under the control of the French-backed government.
In addition to the partition of Vietnam, the Geneva Agreement also included several other provisions. It called for the withdrawal of all foreign troops from Vietnam within 300 days, the release of prisoners of war, and the holding of free elections in both North and South Vietnam in 1956.
However, the Geneva Agreement did not bring lasting peace to Vietnam. The elections that were supposed to be held in 1956 never took place, and the country remained divided. In 1959, the National Liberation Front (NLF) was formed in South Vietnam, which initiated a guerrilla war against the South Vietnamese government.
The United States became involved in the conflict in Vietnam in the early 1960s, and the war escalated into a full-fledged conflict that lasted for more than a decade. The Vietnam War finally ended in 1975 when the North Vietnamese army captured Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam.
In conclusion, the Geneva Agreement was signed on July 21, 1954, in Geneva, Switzerland, and marked the end of the First Indochina War between France and Vietnam. The main goal of the agreement was to divide Vietnam into two parts along the 17th parallel. Although the agreement called for the withdrawal of all foreign troops from Vietnam within 300 days and the holding of free elections in 1956, these provisions were not fulfilled. The Vietnam War continued for more than a decade, leading to the fall of Saigon in 1975.